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During the life of your pup, their eyes will go through several changes. If you’ve ever wondered how puppy eyesight works, then you’ve come to the right place!

In this article, we will go over the vision changes that your puppy will face. We will be including the stages of development shortly after birth, how well your puppy can see, the colours they see, and vision symptoms to look out for. So you can further understand puppy eyesight and what your pup can actually see!

Let There Be Light!

Puppies are born with no vision at all. Their only developed senses at birth are touch and taste. Surprisingly, puppies are easily able to find their mother, keep warm, and fill their belly for about two weeks before they can see.

Around two weeks old, your puppy’s eyes open up. Their little puppy eyesight at this point will still be quite fuzzy and blurred. If you squint your eyes, you’ll still be able to see some movement of blobs and colours. This is how your puppy first views the world.

Your puppy’s eyes will appear blue, but with most breeds, they will change colour as they grow.

Coming Into Focus

At eight weeks old, your puppy’s eyes will have fully developed. The colour eyes which your puppy will keep for the rest of its life will finally set in. At this point, as amazing as it may sound, their puppy eyesight is as accurate and developed as an adult dog!

To test your puppy’s vision, wave something quietly in front of them, left, right, up, down – pay attention to whether or not they follow your movement. Try to be quiet, since your puppy’s hearing has also developed at this time. If your puppy only shows interest with one eye, or neither, you will need to make an appointment with your veterinarian.
Cool fact: Dogs tend to be farsighted, since their ability to see things close up is not really necessary due to their amazing sense of smell!

The Truth About Dog Colour Blindness

Humans see in a three-colour spectrum; red, yellow, and blue. Puppy eyesight is only able to see a two-colour spectrum: blue and green. Dogs see colour similar to humans who have red and yellow colour blindness. What this means is when holding a red ball and a yellow ball, these are observed as different shades of the same colour. They don’t see black and white; it’s more brown or tan tones. If you hold a blue and a green ball, your dog can tell the difference. You can even train your dog to distinguish between colours!

Now, although dogs see fewer colours, they are able to bring more light into their eyes and can see in darker surroundings with much more clarity than people.

Identifying Issues with Eyesight

We  don’t think we need to explain how important eyesight is to your puppy. But here are some symptoms you need to be aware of that would merit a call to your vet.

Eye swelling
Foreign object in the eye
Bumping into things
Discharge or leaking
Sudden clumsiness
Itching eyes

See, puppy eyesight is actually a little less ‘black and white’ than myths lead you to believe! Don’t forget to read up on other articles of your puppy’s health.


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